Tilting Layer Springs (MAK Springs)
Primarily used in locomotives to reduce lateral stiffness with optimal longitudinal stiffness.
- Alstom Locoprima
- Siemens Vectron / Eurosprinter
- Vossloh Locomotive
Air Spring Systems
Comprised of an air bellow and an emergency spring, this system is designed for increased ride comfort & noise reduction
Longitudinal buffers, lateral buffers and bump stops - some feature special material to reduce friction